Grimsby Ethical Guidelines For Animal Research

ARRP policies and guidelines Animal Ethics Infolink

Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of

Ethical guidelines for animal research

HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES ALIGNING. The ARRIVE Guidelines Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments Carol Kilkenny1, William J Browne2, Innes C Cuthill3, Michael Emerson4 and Douglas G Altman5 1The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research,, 6 ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF ANIMALS IN RESEARCH 7 GUIDELINES 1. Respect for animals’ dignity Researchers must have respect for animals’ worth, regardless of their utility value, and for animals’ interests as living, sentient creatures..

BPS Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals BPS

Research Using Animals University of Warwick. These pages are designed to expand on those guidelines to give staff and students additional support and guidance on the ethical use of animals in research. You will find links to useful information resources held on external web sites and to further university guidance., Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Ethical Guidelines for Animal Research. There are a wide range of ethical assessments regarding animals used in research. There are general opinions on that animals do have a moral status and how they are treated should be subjected to ethical consideration. Some of the positions include: Animals have intrinsic values that must be respected. The ARRIVE Guidelines Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments Carol Kilkenny1, William J Browne2, Innes C Cuthill3, Michael Emerson4 and Douglas G Altman5 1The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research,

The purpose of the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes (the Code) is to promote the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals used for scientific purposes. It provides guidance for investigators, institutions, animals ethics committees, animal carers and all those involved in the care and use of animals for scientific purposes. 30/07/2009 · Since considering ethics in animal experiments is a crucial issue in the modern era of medical research, in this paper, we have provided some guidelines (most of which have been adopted from Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals provided by American Association of Psychologists) which could be useful for researchers to

Guidance on how to carry out scientific research and testing using animals, and how to apply for licences. Animal testing and research - GOV.UK Skip to main content Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. Such guidelines also protect the reputations of psychologists, the field of psychology itself and the institutions that sponsor psychology research.

Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. Such guidelines also protect the reputations of psychologists, the field of psychology itself and the institutions that sponsor psychology research. Introduction This Guide is intended to provide you with the legislative background to the ethical use of animals in research and teaching and to inform you of some of the support and resources available from the Bureau of Animal Welfare.

Ethics in Animal Experimentation. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. The guiding principle of these committees is … 08/12/2008 · Animal experiments are widely used to develop new medicines and to test the safety of other products. Many of these experiments cause pain to the animals …

6 ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF ANIMALS IN RESEARCH 7 GUIDELINES 1. Respect for animals’ dignity Researchers must have respect for animals’ worth, regardless of their utility value, and for animals’ interests as living, sentient creatures. Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied animal behaviour research. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81: 291-305. Guidelines for Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare Research. download pdf. Prepared by ISAE Ethics Committee (updated July, 2017)

Questions about these guidelines should be referred to the APA Committee on Animal Research and Ethics (CARE) via email, by phone at (202) 336-6000, or in writing to the APA Science Directorate, Office of Research Ethics, 750 First St., NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads'

Replacement, reduction, and refinement (also referred to as "the three Rs") exist as guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in testing and research. These guidelines are intended to improve animal welfare and scientific quality where the use of animals in experimentation cannot be avoided and are implemented in many research labs There are precautions researchers can take – in the planning, implementation and follow-up of studies – to protect these participants in research. Ethical guidelines are established for clinical research to protect patient volunteers and to preserve the integrity of the science.

In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association.The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves. 08/12/2008 · Animal experiments are widely used to develop new medicines and to test the safety of other products. Many of these experiments cause pain to the animals …

Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads' Replacement, reduction, and refinement (also referred to as "the three Rs") exist as guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in testing and research. These guidelines are intended to improve animal welfare and scientific quality where the use of animals in experimentation cannot be avoided and are implemented in many research labs

HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES: ALIGNING ETHICAL CONSTRUCTS WITH NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS bioe_1923 472..478 HOPE FERDOWSIAN Keywords animal experiments, According to the ethical guidelines for conducting psychological research with animals, exposing animals to harmful or painful procedures cannot be justified unless the potential benefits of the research …

Unnecessary research and experimentation is considered unethical and use of animals is not supported. The use of animals in research is heavily regulated. The care is mandated through regulatory guidelines and there are heavy damages and fines assessed when these regulations are not followed. The regulations dictate how the animals will be The ARRIVE Guidelines Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments Carol Kilkenny1, William J Browne2, Innes C Cuthill3, Michael Emerson4 and Douglas G Altman5 1The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research,

guidelines were revised in 2000 as the ‘Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects’ under the chairmanship of Hon'ble Justice M N Venkatachaliah. In view of the new developments in the field of science and technology, another revision was carried out as Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants in Animal research was dragged into disrepute by Harry Harlow's cruel experiments on monkeys in the 1960s. However, many people believe that the 1986 law and the BPS Guidelines now make sure this such of research could never happen again. Notice that for a 8-mark answer you don’t have to include everything about animal research. I haven’t

HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES ALIGNING. It is important to note that the use of animals in research is heavily controlled by the British Psychological Society (BPS) and it’s Standing Advisory Committee on the Welfare of Animals in Psychology (SACWAP) by means of strict ethical guidelines to prevent cruelty and irresponsible treatment of animals., Ethical Decision Making in Research. A lthough codes, policies, and principals are very important and useful, like any set of rules, they do not cover every situation, they often conflict, and they require considerable interpretation. It is therefore important for researchers to learn how to interpret, assess, and apply various research rules and how to make decisions and to act ethically in.

Animal Testing Ethics YouTube

Ethical guidelines for animal research

Research Using Animals University of Warwick. Ethical Guidelines for Animal Research. There are a wide range of ethical assessments regarding animals used in research. There are general opinions on that animals do have a moral status and how they are treated should be subjected to ethical consideration. Some of the positions include: Animals have intrinsic values that must be respected., This content applies to human and veterinary medicines. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) supports the implementation of the so-called 3Rs principles - replace, reduce and refine - for the ethical use of animals in medicine testing across the European Union (EU)..

What is Ethics in Research & Why is it Important?

Ethical guidelines for animal research

Chapter 2 Research Methods Flashcards Quizlet. Animal research was dragged into disrepute by Harry Harlow's cruel experiments on monkeys in the 1960s. However, many people believe that the 1986 law and the BPS Guidelines now make sure this such of research could never happen again. Notice that for a 8-mark answer you don’t have to include everything about animal research. I haven’t Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied animal behaviour research. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81: 291-305. Guidelines for Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare Research. download pdf. Prepared by ISAE Ethics Committee (updated July, 2017).

Ethical guidelines for animal research

  • BPS Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals BPS
  • ARRIVE guidelines NC3Rs
  • Animals in Research Ethical Considerations

  • HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES: ALIGNING ETHICAL CONSTRUCTS WITH NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS bioe_1923 472..478 HOPE FERDOWSIAN Keywords animal experiments, According to the ethical guidelines for conducting psychological research with animals, exposing animals to harmful or painful procedures cannot be justified unless the potential benefits of the research …

    Psychological research involving human subjects must take into account many ethical considerations. Ethical guidelines that govern the use of human subjects in research are a fairly new but important construct; these ethical policies serve to minimize harm to human participant’s mental and physical well being during experimental research. • animal management and welfare during the research work. Any experimental work must have been conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research. For guidance authors should refer to “Ethical guidelines for research in animal

    These pages are designed to expand on those guidelines to give staff and students additional support and guidance on the ethical use of animals in research. You will find links to useful information resources held on external web sites and to further university guidance. Introduction This Guide is intended to provide you with the legislative background to the ethical use of animals in research and teaching and to inform you of some of the support and resources available from the Bureau of Animal Welfare.

    Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied animal behaviour research. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81: 291-305. Guidelines for Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare Research. download pdf. Prepared by ISAE Ethics Committee (updated July, 2017) Our ARRIVE (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) guidelines are intended to improve the reporting of research using animals – maximising information published and minimising unnecessary studies. The ARRIVE guidelines, originally published in PLOS Biology, were developed in consultation with the scientific community as part of an NC3Rs initiative to improve the standard of

    Psychological research involving human subjects must take into account many ethical considerations. Ethical guidelines that govern the use of human subjects in research are a fairly new but important construct; these ethical policies serve to minimize harm to human participant’s mental and physical well being during experimental research. Ethical Guidelines for Animal Research. There are a wide range of ethical assessments regarding animals used in research. There are general opinions on that animals do have a moral status and how they are treated should be subjected to ethical consideration. Some of the positions include: Animals have intrinsic values that must be respected.

    Psychological research involving human subjects must take into account many ethical considerations. Ethical guidelines that govern the use of human subjects in research are a fairly new but important construct; these ethical policies serve to minimize harm to human participant’s mental and physical well being during experimental research. ETHICS OF ANIMAL USE IN RESEARCH HIGH SCHOOL BIOETHICS PROJECT Individual Activity Partner Activity Group Activity Teacher-Directed Class Discussion. 1 .INTRODUCTION TO TOPIC A note on terminology: Emphasize to students that human beings are animals, but for purpos-es of this lesson, the term “animals” will be used to refer specifically to non-human animals. Students will answer the

    According to the ethical guidelines for conducting psychological research with animals, exposing animals to harmful or painful procedures cannot be justified unless the potential benefits of the research … Policies and guidelines are developed by the Animal Research Review Panel (ARRP) and the Animal Welfare Unit to fill identified needs to assist researchers and teachers, members of Animal Ethics Committees and the management of scientific institutions to understand and comply with the requirements of the Animal Research Act, the Regulations and the Code of Practice.

    HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES: ALIGNING ETHICAL CONSTRUCTS WITH NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS bioe_1923 472..478 HOPE FERDOWSIAN Keywords animal experiments, According to the ethical guidelines for conducting psychological research with animals, exposing animals to harmful or painful procedures cannot be justified unless the potential benefits of the research …

    Psychology Research Ethics Simply Psychology

    Ethical guidelines for animal research

    Psychology Research Psychological Research On Animals. In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association.The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves., 20/02/2012 · This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to establish comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments, which its establishment could be beneficial and useful for animal ethics committees or research ….

    Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals

    HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES ALIGNING. Policies and guidelines are developed by the Animal Research Review Panel (ARRP) and the Animal Welfare Unit to fill identified needs to assist researchers and teachers, members of Animal Ethics Committees and the management of scientific institutions to understand and comply with the requirements of the Animal Research Act, the Regulations and the Code of Practice., 30/07/2009 · Since considering ethics in animal experiments is a crucial issue in the modern era of medical research, in this paper, we have provided some guidelines (most of which have been adopted from Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals provided by American Association of Psychologists) which could be useful for researchers to.

    Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied animal behaviour research. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81: 291-305. Guidelines for Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare Research. download pdf. Prepared by ISAE Ethics Committee (updated July, 2017) In Australia, the state and territory governments have regulatory responsibility for animal welfare including the care and use of animals for scientific purposes. NHMRC provides national leadership on the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals for scientific purposes through provision of guidance in the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes

    Ethical Guidelines for Animal Research. There are a wide range of ethical assessments regarding animals used in research. There are general opinions on that animals do have a moral status and how they are treated should be subjected to ethical consideration. Some of the positions include: Animals have intrinsic values that must be respected. Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads'

    It is important to note that the use of animals in research is heavily controlled by the British Psychological Society (BPS) and it’s Standing Advisory Committee on the Welfare of Animals in Psychology (SACWAP) by means of strict ethical guidelines to prevent cruelty and irresponsible treatment of animals. • animal management and welfare during the research work. Any experimental work must have been conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research. For guidance authors should refer to “Ethical guidelines for research in animal

    and the Animal Behavior Society have formed Ethical and Animal Care Committees, respectively. These committees jointly produced the following guidelines for the use of all those who are engaged in behavioural research and teaching activities involving vertebrate and invertebrate animals. These guidelines are general in scope, These pages are designed to expand on those guidelines to give staff and students additional support and guidance on the ethical use of animals in research. You will find links to useful information resources held on external web sites and to further university guidance.

    Housing and caretaking of the mice at the K.U.Leuven partner is in accordance with the Belgian and European laws, guidelines and policies for animal experimentation, housing and care (as documented in the most recent legislation, i.e. the Belgian Royal Decree of 6 April 2010 and European Directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes of 20 October 2010). guidelines were revised in 2000 as the ‘Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects’ under the chairmanship of Hon'ble Justice M N Venkatachaliah. In view of the new developments in the field of science and technology, another revision was carried out as Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants in

    Unnecessary research and experimentation is considered unethical and use of animals is not supported. The use of animals in research is heavily regulated. The care is mandated through regulatory guidelines and there are heavy damages and fines assessed when these regulations are not followed. The regulations dictate how the animals will be Animal research was dragged into disrepute by Harry Harlow's cruel experiments on monkeys in the 1960s. However, many people believe that the 1986 law and the BPS Guidelines now make sure this such of research could never happen again. Notice that for a 8-mark answer you don’t have to include everything about animal research. I haven’t

    Guidance on how to carry out scientific research and testing using animals, and how to apply for licences. Animal testing and research - GOV.UK Skip to main content This content applies to human and veterinary medicines. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) supports the implementation of the so-called 3Rs principles - replace, reduce and refine - for the ethical use of animals in medicine testing across the European Union (EU).

    In Australia, the state and territory governments have regulatory responsibility for animal welfare including the care and use of animals for scientific purposes. NHMRC provides national leadership on the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals for scientific purposes through provision of guidance in the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes Replacement, reduction, and refinement (also referred to as "the three Rs") exist as guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in testing and research. These guidelines are intended to improve animal welfare and scientific quality where the use of animals in experimentation cannot be avoided and are implemented in many research labs

    Ethical Issues in the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research. Richard R. Sharp, PhD Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy Baylor College of Medicine. Historical Perspectives. The use of animals in biomedical research has a lengthy history. Early Greek writings (circa 500 B.C.), for example, describe the dissection of living animals by Ethics of Using animals in Research 1. By Prof. Dr. Rabie Hassan Fayed Animal Behaviour & Management Faculty of Vet. Medicine, Cairo University General Secretary of Egyptian Federation for Animal Welfare (EFAW) rhfayed@cu.edu.eg

    The ARRIVE Guidelines Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments Carol Kilkenny1, William J Browne2, Innes C Cuthill3, Michael Emerson4 and Douglas G Altman5 1The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research, ANIMAL RESEARCH ETHICS ANIMAL RESEARCH ETHICS USP ACADEMIC TERMS AND ACRONYMS 5. Procedures for applying for ethical clearance of proposed research Any research project dealing with live animals that is proposed to be undertaken under the auspices of the University of the South Pacific,

    Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in applied animal behaviour research. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81: 291-305. Guidelines for Ethical Treatment of Animals in Applied Animal Behaviour and Welfare Research. download pdf. Prepared by ISAE Ethics Committee (updated July, 2017) Psychological research involving human subjects must take into account many ethical considerations. Ethical guidelines that govern the use of human subjects in research are a fairly new but important construct; these ethical policies serve to minimize harm to human participant’s mental and physical well being during experimental research.

    The ARRIVE Guidelines Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments Carol Kilkenny1, William J Browne2, Innes C Cuthill3, Michael Emerson4 and Douglas G Altman5 1The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research, guidelines were revised in 2000 as the ‘Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects’ under the chairmanship of Hon'ble Justice M N Venkatachaliah. In view of the new developments in the field of science and technology, another revision was carried out as Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants in

    Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads' • animal management and welfare during the research work. Any experimental work must have been conducted in accordance with relevant national legislation on the use of animals for research. For guidance authors should refer to “Ethical guidelines for research in animal

    Guidelines for the ethical use of animals in research and. In Australia, the state and territory governments have regulatory responsibility for animal welfare including the care and use of animals for scientific purposes. NHMRC provides national leadership on the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals for scientific purposes through provision of guidance in the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes, HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES: ALIGNING ETHICAL CONSTRUCTS WITH NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS bioe_1923 472..478 HOPE FERDOWSIAN Keywords animal experiments,.

    Ethical Guidelines applied-ethology.org

    Ethical guidelines for animal research

    Policy Research and Guidelines BPS. These pages are designed to expand on those guidelines to give staff and students additional support and guidance on the ethical use of animals in research. You will find links to useful information resources held on external web sites and to further university guidance., 6 ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF ANIMALS IN RESEARCH 7 GUIDELINES 1. Respect for animals’ dignity Researchers must have respect for animals’ worth, regardless of their utility value, and for animals’ interests as living, sentient creatures..

    Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals

    Ethical guidelines for animal research

    Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals. In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association.The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves. NHMRC provides additional guidelines and information for Animal Ethics Committees and researchers, relating to particular fields of research or types of animals. These guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes 8th edition (2013). They are available on NHMRC’s.

    Ethical guidelines for animal research

  • Guiding Principles for Ethical Research National
  • INDIAN COUNCIL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH

  • Ethics of Using animals in Research 1. By Prof. Dr. Rabie Hassan Fayed Animal Behaviour & Management Faculty of Vet. Medicine, Cairo University General Secretary of Egyptian Federation for Animal Welfare (EFAW) rhfayed@cu.edu.eg ETHICS OF ANIMAL USE IN RESEARCH HIGH SCHOOL BIOETHICS PROJECT Individual Activity Partner Activity Group Activity Teacher-Directed Class Discussion. 1 .INTRODUCTION TO TOPIC A note on terminology: Emphasize to students that human beings are animals, but for purpos-es of this lesson, the term “animals” will be used to refer specifically to non-human animals. Students will answer the

    Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Animals in Research1. 4 5 C. In proposing a research project, the psychologist should be familiar with the appropriate literature, consider the possibility of non-animal alternatives, and use procedures that minimize the number of nonhuman animals in research. If nonhuman animals are to be used, the species chosen for the study 6 ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF ANIMALS IN RESEARCH 7 GUIDELINES 1. Respect for animals’ dignity Researchers must have respect for animals’ worth, regardless of their utility value, and for animals’ interests as living, sentient creatures.

    In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association.The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves. The purpose of the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes (the Code) is to promote the ethical, humane and responsible care and use of animals used for scientific purposes. It provides guidance for investigators, institutions, animals ethics committees, animal carers and all those involved in the care and use of animals for scientific purposes.

    Ethics of Using animals in Research 1. By Prof. Dr. Rabie Hassan Fayed Animal Behaviour & Management Faculty of Vet. Medicine, Cairo University General Secretary of Egyptian Federation for Animal Welfare (EFAW) rhfayed@cu.edu.eg 08/07/2009 · Animal research has long been controversial. The medical benefits can be significant, although not always, and opponents argue the benefits are often outweighed by …

    HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH GUIDELINES: ALIGNING ETHICAL CONSTRUCTS WITH NEW SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTS bioe_1923 472..478 HOPE FERDOWSIAN Keywords animal experiments, 30/07/2009 · Since considering ethics in animal experiments is a crucial issue in the modern era of medical research, in this paper, we have provided some guidelines (most of which have been adopted from Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals provided by American Association of Psychologists) which could be useful for researchers to

    Ethical guidelines for animal research

    Ethical Guidelines for Use of Experimental Animals in Biomedical Research Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 43(1):18 · March 2013 with 105 Reads How we measure 'reads' NHMRC provides additional guidelines and information for Animal Ethics Committees and researchers, relating to particular fields of research or types of animals. These guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes 8th edition (2013). They are available on NHMRC’s

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